Marco logico

CONTENTS Page I. II. INTRODUCTION ZOPP IN STEPS PARTICIPATION ANALYSIS Analysis of the project target group and all other persons, institutions etc. participating and involved in the project.PROBLEM ANALYSIS Identifying the core problem PROBLEM ANALYSIS Analysing the causes and effects of the core problem OBJECTIVES ANALYSIS The hierarchy of problems (problem tree) is transformed into ahierarchy of objectives (objectives tree) and the set objectives are analysed. DISCUSSION OF ALTERNATIVES Identifying potential alternative solutions PROJECT PLANNING MATRIX We develop an overall descriptionof the project PROJECT PLANNING MATRIX (PPM) Determine the important assumptions PROJECT PLANNING MATRIX (PPM) Wording our indicators PROJECT PLANNING MATRIX (PPM) Describing the means ofverification PROJECT PLANNING MATRIX (PPM) Analysing how relevant the assumptions are, what risks they entail, incorporating this into the project concept PROJECT PLANNING MATRIX (PPM) checking whether theproject management can guarantee the results/outputs. PROJECT PLANNING MATRIX (PPM) Determining the specifications of quantities and the costs for each individual activity. THE PLANNING STEPS IN THEDIFFERENT ZOPP WORKSHOPS 1 3 3

Step 1:

Step 2: .. Step 3: Step 4:

4 5 6

Step 5: Step 6: Step 7: Step 8: Step 9: Step 10:

7 8 10 11 12 13

Step 11: Step 12:

14 15




The ZOPP planning method was officially introduced at the GTZ in 1983. It is to be applied in planning all project preparation and implementation phases. Since 1986 the newcommissioning procedure between the GTZ and the BMZ - the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation - has also made the use of ZOPP compulsory in project planning. ZOPP ensures a consistent train ofthought and procedure and uniform understanding of the terms used. It thus facilitates communication and cooperation between all parties involved. This does not mean, however, that ZOPP has to be...