| A look at the artistic movement and its most |
|emblematic characters. |
|Second Half of the Twentieth Century |
|Magaly zafra Lorente |
Pop Art1. Historical background and socio-economic, and political environment____________________________________3
2. Development of the subject_________________________4
The second half of the twentieth century was marked by a hard post-war due to a global conflict that paralyzed the whole humanity.
The company was living a distrust in politics and the media that helped open the way art among the people, especially the populist crowd. And in 1952, born in London, Pop Art. This movement came to theUnited States, where he found his greatest ally in the figure of Andy Warhol. The victory not only artistic movement in the U.S., but even in Spain had its strength, especially from the 70’s and 80’s, with Oscar Mariné and Manolo Valdes.
1. Historical background and socio-economic, and political environment
In the 50s,the Soviet Union had been allied with the countries that defeated Germany and other nations, and was rapidly transformed into the "enemy of the West", which created the conflict known as "Cold War".
The USSR and the U.S. launched an unprecedented arms race that would be extended in the following decades, obtaining an arsenal capable of destroying the entire planet.
The United Statesexperienced a cultural revolution driven by a rapid industrial development and the consequent phenomenon of consumerism.
Germany and Japan experienced a remarkable economic recovery two decades after the end of the war; both countries had become economic powerhouses. Although France and Britain had more political power, Japan and Germany exceeded the two European countries that werevictorious in World War II.
[pic] A process of fundamental importance for the future of Europe and the world began when Robert Schuman made the famous statement that same name and is the embryo of the current European Union (EU). The initiative was also driven by Konrad Adenauer, who turn Germany succeeded in providing political stability.
In the first half of the 60’s, the scheme introducedin Cuba by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara, among others, guided the policy of his country to Russia, which became a staunch ally to the detriment of geostrategic interests of U.S. The situation had its most dramatic moment in the "Missile Crisis of 1962" that led humanity to be closer than ever to a third world war, but was avoided thanks to Nikita Khrushchev and John F. Kennedy.
This decadehas seen the start of the war in Vietnam, direct socio-cultural consequences are still felt today.
The space race led to the U.S. managed to put the first man on the lunar surface in 1969. This was achieved largely thanks to the impetus given by President John F. Kennedy, who had been murdered in mysterious circumstances in 1963 that plunged the American people in the deepest crisis ofidentity that has known so far.
In Europe, strengthens the Franco-German reconciliation, on which largely underpin the construction of the European Union (EU) that had begun in the previous decade. Germany asserts itself as third world economic power after the U.S. and Japan. Britain, like France, lose virtually all their colonies, a process that began after the end of the Second World War...