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Simple Present
FORM Simple Present
EXAMPLE:   [ to run]

I run
you run
he runs
she runs
it runs
we run
you run
they run

[IRREGULARES: to be = ser, estar; to have = tener, haber y otros significados]

I am I have
you are you have
he is he has
she is she has
it is it has
we arewe have
you are you have
they are they have
NOTE: Los Frequency Adverbs se colocan justo delante del verbo principal (no del auxiliar). Si sólo hay un verbo, se colocan delante, salvo si se trata del verbo “to be”.
I don’t usually go to the cinema; You often watch that programme; She is never nervous.

USE 1 Repeated Actions


Usa el Simple Present para expresarla idea de que la acción es habitual: una costumbre, un hobby, algo que ocurre cada día, algo que ocurre (o no ocurre) a menudo.


I play tennis at weekends.
She does not play tennis on Wednesdays.
The train leaves every morning at 8 am.
The train does not leave at 9 am.
How often do you go swimming?
Do you usually play football?
She always forgets her purse.
He never forgetshis wallet.
They are never happy.
We don’t often go to the cinema.
Every twelve months, the Earth circles the sun.
The sun does not circle the Earth.

USE 2 Facts or Generalizations  


El Simple Present se usa también para hablar de hechos y para hablar en general de alguien o algo.


Cats like milk.
Birds do not like milk.
California is in America.
California isnot in the United Kingdom.
Windows are made of glass.
Windows are not made of wood.
New York is a small city. (It is not important that this fact is untrue.)

USE 3 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)   


A veces se usa el Simple Present para expresar la idea de que una acción está ocurriendo ahora, cuando esa acción (ese verbo) no puedo ponerse en un tiempo continuo. P.e.: Tengo poco tiempo(y no: Estoy teniendo poco tiempo). Cf. Estoy hablando inglés.


I am here now.
She is not here now.
He needs help right now.
He does not need help now.
He has a car.

Present Continuous

FORM Present Continuous

[AM / IS / ARE] + [VERB+ing]

EXAMPLES: I am watching TV. He is learning the language. Are you listening?

USE 1 Now   


Usa el Present Continuouspara expresar la idea de duración de algo que está ocurriendo ahora.


You are learning English at the moment.
You are not swimming now.
I am sitting.
I am not standing.
They are reading their books.
They are not watching television.
What are you doing?
Why aren't you doing your homework?

USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now    


Now (=ahora) puede significar“esta semana”, “este mes”, “este año”, “este…”. Es decir, se puede usar para cosas que estás haciendo en esta época aunque no sea justamente en este instante.

EXAMPLES: (All of these sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant.)
I am studying to become a doctor.
I am not studying to become a dentist.
I am reading the book Tom Sawyer.
Are you studying 2nd grade of GCSE?
Aren't youteaching at the University now?

USE 3 Near Future   


A veces se usa el Present Continuous para hablar de algo que fijo que va a ocurrir en el futuro, porque hemos hecho algo para que fijo que ocurra (como reservar un billete, etc.).
I’m going to London = Voy a ir a Londres.


I am meeting some friends after work.
I am not going to the party tonight.
Is he visitinghis parents next weekend?
He isn’t coming with us tonight.

USE 4 Repetition and Irritation with "Always"    


El Present Continuous con "always" o "constantly" expresa la idea de que algo irritante ocurre a menudo.
He is always gossiping = Siempre está criticando.


She is always coming to class late.

I don't like them -- they are always complaining.

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