Psicolinguistica

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  • Publicado : 1 de febrero de 2011
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Introduction.
First able I want to define “psycholinguistic”: Psycholinguistics is a branch of study which combines the disciplines of psychology and linguistics. It is concerned with therelationship between the human mind and the language as it examines the processes that occur in brain while producing and perceiving both written and spoken discourse. What is more, it is interested in the waysof storing lexical items and syntactic rules in mind, as well as the processes of memory involved in perception and interpretation of texts. Also, the processes of speaking and listening areanalyzed, along with language acquisition and language disorders. In other words, this hybrid discipline studies the neurologicals and psycologicals factors that enable humans to acquire use comprehend andproduce language. According to that

According to many researches the acquisition of a second language (L2) is a very difficult process and it require more time than the acquisition of the mothertongue, because when we begin to learn the L2 most of the time we are adults or old youngers and the critical period is already done, also this process require a high cognitive skills. Usually the wish tospeak a second language has specific and hierarchic purposes since, survival and coexistence (case of immigrants), have best chance in a work or study, and the finest purpose, just to know anotherculture or to know something else. All of these purposes have a common objective the “communication”. The communication has been the most important tool to the developing of the human being, and in eachstage of the human (childhood, youth, mature and old age), the communication gain more features and complexity.
When we are born the only way that we have to communicate is crying. According toCrying has two main purpose one is already mention communicate and the other, prepare our phonate system to speak. Then around the 2 months old appear the babbling stage, in this lap, the baby just...
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