Señor de sipan

Páginas: 6 (1500 palabras) Publicado: 13 de diciembre de 2010
The Lord of Sipán

Is the name of a mummy of an elite man found in Sipán by Peruvian archaeologist Walter Alva in 1987. The tomb is in Sipán's Huaca Rajada, an area in Chiclayo. The Lord of Sipan belongs to the Moche Culture.

Moche Culture

The Moche culture was a South American society, whose sites were located along the arid coast of what is now Peru between 100 and 800 AD, and wedgedbetween the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountains.

Architectural elements of the Moche included monumental architecture such as temples (called huacas), pyramids, and palaces.

They grew corn, beans, squash, avocado, guavas, chili peppers, and beans.

They domesticated llamas, guinea pigs and ducks.

They also fished and hunted plants and animals in the region, and traded lapis lazuliand spondylus shell objects from long distances.

The Moche were expert weavers, and gold, silver, and copper metallurgists.

While the Moche did not leave a written record (they may have used the quipu recording technique that we have yet to decipher), much is known about the Moche because of their ceramic, sculptural and mural art. The most famous of the ceramic pots are those whichillustrate sexual congress.

Moche Archaeological Sites

Moche sites include Sipán, Moche, Huaca del Sol, Huaca de la Luna, El Brujo, Pañamarca, Pacatnamu, San Jose de Moro, and Huaca de la Cruz, el Brujo complex


El Señor de Sipán was founded in a sarcophagus made of wood (this is the first event founded in America), next to his head were the skeleton of two young women, and at hissides a skeleton of a dog and two lamas.

He was all covered with gold, silver and copper, chest protector with jewels and gold necklaces. His skull rested on a big golden plate.

Very close to this tomb, in 1989, some investigators of the Brüning Museum discovered the tombs of "El Sacerdote" (The Priest), and the tomb of "El Viejo Señor de Sipán" (The Old Lord of Sipan).

The tomb of the"Viejo Señor de Sipán" (Old Lord of Sipan) is chronologically older, and with difference among the others, was found a sarcophagus without company and wrapped in vegetal fiber.

It had signs of royal importance, dressed with gold scepter, fine gold and silver jewels, chest protectors made with pearl shells, peculiar and unique pictures.

The archaeological investigation continue, and the lastdiscovery was found in 2007, named the funeral chamber 14.

All the original pieces were restored in Germany at the Mainz Museum (1988-1993) and are actually shown at the Museum of the Royal Tombs of Sipán in Lambayeque. Besides, all the replicas from the originals are used as demonstration in Huaca Rajada.

The Lord of Sipán tomb is a Moche culture site in Peru. Some archaeologists hold itto be one of the most important archaeological discoveries in this region of the world in the last 30 years, as the main tomb was found intact and untouched by thieves.


The town of Sipán, in the Zaña district, is roughly around 20 miles east of the city of Chiclayo and 45 to 50 miles away from Lambayeque. The site belonged to the Moche culture that mainly worshipped the god called AiApaec as principal god or deity.

Clothing and ornaments

The clothing of this warrior and ruler suggest he was approximately 1.67 m tall.
He probably died within three months of governing.

His jewelry and ornaments indicate he was of the highest rank, and include pectoral, necklaces, nose rings, ear rings, helmets, falconry and bracelets. Most were made of gold, silver, copper, goldand semi-precious stones. In his tomb were found more than 400 jewels.

The Lord of Sipán was wearing a precious necklace with beads of gold and silver in the shape of peanuts represent the earth. The peanuts symbolized that men came from the land, and that when they die, they return back to the earth.

The necklace has 10 kernels to the right, which are gold, signifying masculinity and the...
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