The ever expanding Mexican Private Higher Educational System
This essay tackles issues with the current state of the Mexican HE system focusing on how the private sector has managed to shape the tertiary education. There are economical, cultural, social factors that hadinfluenced the current shape of the system. However as unequal as it is, private institutions play a productive role in the national educational arena.
Table of Contents
Mexican HE system (overview) 2
The industrialisation of the Mexican HE system (massification) 4
Table 1: Mexico’s Higher education system Number of institutionsand students by subsystem, 2005 7
Chart 1: Mexican HE structure 8
Chart 2: Expansion and Differentiation of the Public and Private Sectors in Higher Education 9
This essay will focus on the Mexican private HE system and will give provide the reader with a current view of the polarised situation of the tertiary education in Mexico. First a brief overview of the current statusof the Mexican HE system will be provided rounding it up with some statistics about it. Next topics like massification will be introduced into the arena, which will provide a theoretical background from where to found the development of the current status of the Mexican HE system. The rapid growth of the population, the complexity and diversity of the system, policies, bribery and even thesocio-cultural national background had all managed to shape the current condition of the private HE system in the country. All of the latter creates a huge disparity regarding the quality of the education however it also provides access to underprivileged students to attain some sort of certification to help obtain a better job.
Mexican HE system (overview)
The HE system is comprise by 1,892institutions which are recognised by the federal or state authorities and are part of the National Education System
From the 713 public universities the largest are:
Public Federal Institutions: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana (UAM), Universidad Pedagógica Nacional (UPN) and Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN) make up this subset. All these institutionscarry out research and teaching activities. (International Association of Universities, 2006)
Public State Universities: These institutions are located across the 31 states of the country and in contrast to the latter these universities are part of the local government and they carry teaching, research and extension activities.
Public Technological Institutes: They are divided by federalinstitutions scattered over the whole country and local state owned institutions. These institutes focus on vocational teaching.
Public Technological Universities: This system offers 2 year education leading to an associate degree. After completion of the degree Ss. who want to attain a B.A. could do this by studying an extra year or two in other university.
Public Polytechnic Universities: These arethe most recent universities to be created by the federal government in conjunction with selected state government. Funding is a responsibility of both levels of government.
Private Institutions: Are scattered in all stated comprising universities and colleges (995 in total). Most of them are non denominational, with the exception of a few very prestigious ones. (International Association ofUniversities, 2006)
Mexico’s education system has experienced a true revolution by growing from less than one million in 1950 to more than 30 million students in 2000. This growth continues in a context of tight budgets, rapid growth of the school age population, great linguistic diversity, sizable internal and cross border migration, and a considerable proportion of the population –15% – living on...