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Study Guide Answers

Three reasons that you think are the most relevant for ELT

1. - As a teacher of English you have to be aware of the origins of the Language you are teaching

2. – To expand your general knowledge it is good to know about history

3. – To understand the development of vocabulary and spelling of English

Now give reasons for your choice

Becauseyou need to know everything about it, about the language that you are teaching, where it comes from, how it was started, etc.

The History of Great Britain

The introduction of agriculture by Neolithic

Pre-Roman immigrants

Britain Bronze Age: The knowledge of metallurgy and the

Exploration of gold and copper deposits in Britain

Ireland .They may also have introduced an Indo-

European language.

Celts were famous

Celts for their burial sites and hill forts,

and their bronze and Iron art and jewelry.

Towns had been founded,

the imperial cult had been established,

and merchants werebusily introducing

the Britons to material benefits.

Roman Troops were removed from southern Britain,

Britain and self- governing civitates,

administrative areas based for the most part

on the indigenous tribes, took over local administration.

This involved a large program ofurbanization

and also of education.

By AD 600 they had driven the Celts

westward to Wales and Cornwall.

Kent was the first English kingdom

Anglo-Saxon to be converted to Christianity.

England The Cristian church provided anotherunifying influence, overriding political divisions,

although it was not until 669 that church in England

acknowledged a single head.

Task 2

1.- Find 2 sites in the web, which have information on any of the periods.

2.- Read them and choose two bits of information that are not on the copies.


The people who made up the various tribes of concern were called Galli by the Romans and Galatai or Keltoi by the Greeks, terms meaning barbarian. It is from the greek Keltoi that Celt is derived. Since no soft c exists in greek, Celt and Celtic and all permutations should be pronounced with a hard k sound.

It is interesting to note that when the British Empire wasdistinguishing itself as better and seperate from the rest of humanity, it was decided that British Latin should have different pronunciation from other spoken Latin. Therefore, one of these distinguishing pronunciational differences was to make many of the previously hard k sounds move to a soft s sound, hence the Glasgow and Boston Celtics. It is the view of many today that this soft c pronunciationshould be reserved for sports teams since there is obviously nothing to link them with the original noble savegery and furor associated with the Celts.


The Roman empire was based on two things: lip service to the emperor, and payment to the army. As long as you acknowledged the imperial cult and paid your taxes, Romedid not really care how you lived your life.

In one respect, there were very few 'Romans' in Britain. There were Batavians, Thracians, Mauretanians, Sarmatians: all brought in through service in the army, and all eventually granted citizenship and a packet of land after their 25 years' service.

Task 3



Origins: France, S Germany...
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