Ruth Pinedo González Tesis Doctoral 2008
WHY RESEARCH ABOUT PROSTITUTION?
SocioSocio-Sanitary Interest Scientific Interest Personal Interest
Theory Frame Research Development Methodology Results Conclusions & proposals
I.THE PHENOMENON OF PROSTITUTION
Controversialresearch topic because there are strong ideological influences over the studies and interventions (Agustin, 2001). 2001) Terminological confusion (Agredano, 2005): Agredano, 2005) Smuggling: Smuggling: is the receipt of some form of payment to transfer a person from one country to another illegally. illegally. Sexual exploitation: the person is transferred to another exploitation: country illegally,and they are sexually exploited once they arrive. arrive.
Prostitution: Prostitution: the negotiation and the explicit, direct and short term provision of sexual services in exchange for money, goods or other benefits, with or without intervention of third parties. This parties. activity involves a minimum of two adult persons (one who sell and one who buy) negotiating for theprovision of service provided. provided. 5
There are methodological problems to research about prostitution (Elias et al., 1989; Shaver, 2005; Vanwesenbeeck, 2001; Weitzer, 2005). al. 1989; 2005; Vanwesenbeeck, 2001; Weitzer, 2005) One of the most important is the “Representativeness and homogeneity of the sample” and some studies advise that is necessary to make strategic comparisons betweendifferent types of prostitution: prostitution: outdoor and indoor prostitution (Shaver, 2005). 2005) In Spain there are three types of prostitution: prostitution: Streets (outdoor prostitution) when the prostitutes use the streets (parks, industrial areas, roads, etc.) to gain the clients etc. and/or render the sexual services. services.
Clubs (Indoor prostitution) There two types ofclubs, ones are in the cities, they are small and operate like a pub; the others are pub; in the main roads and operate like a hotel. hotel. Flats (Indoor prostitution) They are called massage parlours and they are sorted out by “madams”. “madams”.
CHARACTERISTICS AND RISKS
Mobility (Plaza) Positive aspects: more incomes Negative aspects: lack of bonds or social support, rootless, etc.(Agustin, 2001; Sanders, 2005; Vandepitte, 2006) Vandepitte, Entry into prostitution and related factors SocioSocio-structural factors Personal factors (CIMTM, 2003; Juliano, 2004; Vanwesenbeeck, 2001) 2003; Juliano, 2004; Vanwesenbeeck, 2001) Risks: Risks: HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases Drug use Physical, psychological and sexual violence (Church et al., 2001; Day y Ward, 2004;Ibbitson, 2002; Medeiros al. 2001; 2004; Ibbitson, 2002; 2000) 2000)
EVOLUTION OF THE PHENOMENON
Changes in the profile: (Barahona, 2001; Meneses Falcón, 2003) profile: Barahona, 2001; 2003) Classic prostitution: women with economic problems Drug dependency and prostitution (’80 and ’90) are disappearing. Immigration and prostitution (2000) High mobility(Agustín,2001;Sanders,2005;Van der Helm, 2004) (Agustín,2001;Sanders,2005; 2004) Increase in male and transgender prostitution (Diputación de Palencia, 2008; Pinedo y Martín, 2006) 2008; Martín, 2006)
Decrease in outdoor prostitution and increase in indoor Fernández, prostitution (prostitutions like a well organized activity) (Fernández, 2004) 2004) Diversity of resources and services (internet)
8II. BASIC INTERPERSONAL NEEDS
Social Needs Emotional Needs Sexual Needs
Emotional loneliness RISKS
(López, 2008) López,
INTERPERSONAL NEEDS OF PEOPLE WORKING ON PROSTITUTION
Prostitution Gender Immigration Long night shift No days off or holidays Away of cities