The Goals of Corrections
Four different goals of corrections are commonly mention: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation.Corrections serve to remove convicted individuals from society and hopefully for the inmates to change before returning home (if they ever get out).
Often people are not in prison long enough todiscover anything worthwhile beyond a new set of criminal alliances. Or people end up inside for so long that any good that might have been achieved along the way is undermined by bitterness andresentment. Imprisonment lies in society's expectations: the community wants retribution, but also rehabilitation. For many, sending people to prison is not enough; they must suffer while there.Retribution is the punishment that a person receives because of the violation of a criminal law, and he or she deserves to be punished. Retribution gets its goal by asking the prisoner to takeresponsibility for what he has done, rather than to make excuses for it. I think this goal of correction is respected by society, because mostly of the people want criminals to pay for what they did. Thepurpose of punishment is to show disapproval for the offender’s wrongdoing, and to clearly condemn his criminal actions, prisoners do not get punish merely to help a person change for the better asrehabilitation states.
Retribution, merely advocates an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth. It is like vengeance, and should not be encouraged in society. Retribution advocates that more seriouscrimes should be punished more seriously. It requires focusing on the harmful act of the offender.
There are two types of deterrence: general deterrence and specific deterrence. General deterrenceis when a criminal receives punishment with the intention to be an example to society. This kind of deterrence will help discourage people to commit crimes, because they already know what will happen...