The surf

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  • Publicado : 12 de enero de 2011
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Vista previa del texto
Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela
Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Educación
U.E Colegio Santiago Mariño
2do Ciencias “U”




“Caracas, Noviembre del 2010”


Development--------------------------------------------------------------- 1
History ----------------------------------------------------------------------- I
The dark era of surfing -------------------------------------------------- II
Comes to the changes -------------------------------------------------- III
Comes to the changes -------------------------------------------------- IV
Table types and designs------------------------------------------------ V
Surfing Techniques ------------------------------------------------------- VI
Annexes --------------------------------------------------------------------- 2
Conclusion ------------------------------------------------------------------- 3
Bibliography ----------------------------------------------------------------- 4


Although nobody knows for sure exactly whenand where you start surfing, if it is known that in the so-called Sandwich Islands (later Hawaii), which James Cook arrived in 1776, it was observed that the natives lived for this sport. On the other hand in northern Peru, local cultures left traces that show men going up waves. The Huacos are pre-Inca ceramics and one of them clearly shows a man on a tree or something similar in the attitude ofsurfing a wave. This would indicate that it all began in South America ... but it was the Polynesians in their constant trips between islands which, centuries later, would take the habit of sliding waves to places like Hawaii.

No doubt that for centuries the ancient sport of "he'e Nalu, which can be translated as" sliding on waves, "was practiced and perfected by the Hawaiian people, as amongother things, it was considered a test of great value the fact surf the big waves of the archipelago and was used to, for example, the resolution of disputes.
In fact, such was the social impact of surfing in Hawaiian society, they had an appropriate word, hopupu to refer to the state of intense excitement he feels about something. According to a nineteenth century manuscript written by a Hawaiiancalled Kepelino Keauokalani about the traditions of his people, mentions that "during the month of November, which in Hawaiian is called ikuwa" or month of storms, Hawaiian became particularly hopupu.

The veneration which arrived in Hawaii for surfing, beginning even before design the table. The first commandment that should see the tree was suitable for building because they were only "valid"three trees: the wiliwili, the ulu and koa.

Once the tree was selected, a master builder, whose tool throughout the process was to be a stone ax, it pierced with a hole between the roots of the tree and introduced in this one fish, while praying a prayer as an offering to the gods for the tree to be employed to build and transform into a surfboard.
After this ritual, the trunk was cut withstone axes and carved into the desired dimensions for which was to be owner. At the time that the trunk had the desired dimensions, was carried to the beach and ended in a halau, which was where they kept the canoes for fishing. Was polished, to give a sensitive and easier to slide into the water, with coral granules called pohaku puna and a rough stone called oahi.

To complete the process, theroot of the tree used for construction, called mole ki, was used to give a dark gloss protector to the table, but were also used charcoal from pandanus or juice of unripe bananas. The lace was the application of kukui nut oil, once it had dried, the process could be considered finished.


The dark era of surfing.

With the arrival of Westerners to Hawaii, the missionaries came, they saw...
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