Cargo securing

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Cargo Securing
Cargo securing guidelines IMO/ILO/UN ECE EN 12195-1 Rev prEN 12195-1

Cargo Securing

IMO/ILO/UN ECE Guidelines

EN 12195-1

Rev prEN 12195-1

Cargo securing example 1Required number of top over lashings to prevent sideways sliding

IMO/ILO/UN ECE

EN 12195-1

Rev prEN 12195-1 Rev prEN 12195-1

8 top over lashings
(One lashing / section)

32 top overlashings
(Four lashings / section)

9 top over lashings 16top over lashings
(with lashing / section). (Two supporting beam)

Reasons for the difference:
• Static friction = μstatic = 0.4 • Verticalforce = n × 2 × STF • Dynamic friction = 0.7×μstatic= 0.28 • Vertical force = n ×1,5× STF • Estimated friction = 0.4 • Vertical force = n × 2 × STF • Safety factor fs = 1,1

Cargo securing example2
Required number of top over lashings to prevent sideways tipping

IMO/ILO/UN ECE

EN 12195-1

Rev prEN 12195-1

11 top over lashings
(One lashing / section)

66 top over lashings
(Sixlashings / section)

11 top over lashings
(One lashing / section)

Reasons for the difference:
• Side acceleration 0.5g • Vertical force = n × 2 × STF • Internal friction considered • Sideacceleration 0.7g • Vertical force = n ×1,5× STF • No instructions for internal friction • Side acceleration 0.5g or 0.6g • Vertical force = n × 2 × STF or n × 2 × 0.5LC • Safety factor fs = 1.1 • Internalfriction considered

Cargo securing example 3
Required number of top over lashings to prevent sideways sliding and tipping

IMO/ILO/UN ECE

EN 12195-1

Rev prEN 12195-1

9 top overlashings

36 top over lashings

10 top over lashings

Reasons for the difference:
• Static friction = μstatic = 0.5 • Side acceleration = 0.5g • Vertical force = n × 2 × STF • Internal frictionconsidered • Dynamic friction = 0.7×μstatic= 0.35 • Side acceleration = 0.5g (sliding) and 0.7g (tipping) • Vertical force = n ×1.5× STF • No instructions for internal friction • Estimated friction = 0.45...
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