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GLOBALG.A.P.

SUCCESS FACTORS FOR OPTION 2 IMPLEMENTATION

VERSION DRAFT 1.0-Apr10

Valid from: 19 April 2010

©Copyright: GLOBALGAP c/o FoodPLUS GmbH, Spichernstr. 55, 50672 Köln (Cologne) Germany | Tel: +49-221-57993-25; Fax: +49-221-57993-56 | http://www.globalgap.org

SUCCESS FACTORS FOR OPTION 2 IMPLEMENTATION

Version: DRAFT 1 05 APRIL 2010

INTRODUCTION

The experience ofcertified smallholder groups has shown that GLOBALG.A.P can open opportunities to their businesses. Once certified, smallholder groups (referred to as Option 2 in GLOBALG.A.P) are recognized by buyers as certified producers, just as the other certified producers around the world. Experience of smallholders in developing countries has also shown that they have the ability to implement the standardand become certified. Challenges such as low levels of literacy and lack of resources can be overcome when the standard is communicated in a way that can be easily understood. Smallholders in these circumstances are able to grasp the importance of Good Agriculture Practices (GAPs), the essence of the standard and to apply it in their own context and in their own ways. The purpose of this documentis to provide a practical guide to the key factors to take into consideration when implementing GLOBALG.A.P Option 2, especially among smallholders and small farmers. The sixteen factors described in this manual have been practically tested to help towards the successful implementation of GAP amongst smallholders.

TABLE OF CONTENT Success Factor 1: Initial Sensitization Success Factor 2:Identifying Financial Support Success Factor 3: Identifying Technical Support Success Factor 4: Making the Decision Success Factor 5: Defining Training Modules Success Factor 6: Identifying Training Participants Success Factor 7: Identifying Trainers or Training Institutions Success Factor 8: Selecting Competent Technical Staff Success Factor 9: Internal Inspector and Auditor Training Success Factor 10:Documentation at Group Level Success Factor 11: Centralization of Operations Success Factor 12: Participatory Development of QMS Success Factor 13: Ways of Compliance Success Factor 14: Monitoring the Progress Success Factor 15: Choosing a Certification Body 3 9 10 11 12 12 13 14 15 16 18 19 20 20 23

Page 1 of 21 ©Copyright: GLOBALG.A.P c/o FoodPLUS GmbH, Spichernstr. 55, 50672 Köln (Cologne)Germany | Tel: +49-221-57993-25; Fax: +49-221-57993-89 | http://www.globalgap.org

SUCCESS FACTORS FOR OPTION 2 IMPLEMENTATION

Version: DRAFT 1 05 APRIL 2010

SUCCESS FACTOR 1

INITIAL SENSITIZATION

It is critical that all stakeholders involved in the supply chain are well informed and aware of the steps towards certification, time commitment and the potential costs required forcertification. When producers or buyers are not aware of the time and financial commitment it takes, it becomes very difficult for them to go through the whole process of implementation and to reach certification. GLOBALG.A.P implementation requires commitment, and the stakeholders need to be well aware and determined to make it to the final step. Some initiatives or development projects make themistake of involving groups of producers into the training program with neither the producers nor the buyers being aware of the time and financial commitment it takes to be GLOBALG.A.P certified. In such a situation, the following are common problems that the implementation encounters: • Producers start to complain that the time they spend on training is too much. • Producers are not prepared to payfor the necessary cost of implementation, such as protective clothing and storage facilities. • Producers may stop attending the training sessions • Producers may not be paying attention during the training and may not implement what they have been trained to do. • First buyers are not willing to support any of the cost. • First buyers are not willing to technically support the farmers in...
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