Cultural experience tourist motives dimensionality a cross-cultural study

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This article was downloaded by: On: 2 March 2010 Access details: Access Details: Free Access Publisher Routledge Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 3741 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK

Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management

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Cultural Experience Tourist Motives Dimensionality: A Cross-Cultural Study
Pandora L. Kay a a School of Hospitality, Tourism and Marketing, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia

To cite this Article Kay, Pandora L.(2009) 'Cultural Experience Tourist Motives Dimensionality: A Cross-Cultural Study',

Journal of HospitalityMarketing & Management, 18: 4, 329 — 371 To link to this Article: DOI: 10.1080/19368620802590217 URL:

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Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 18:329–371, 2009 Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC ISSN: 1936-8623 print/1936-8631 online DOI: 10.1080/19368620802590217Journal 1936-8631 1936-8623 WHMM of Hospitality Marketing & Management, Vol. 18, No. 2-3, Dec 2009: pp. 0–0 Management

Cultural Experience Tourist Motives Dimensionality: A Cross-Cultural Study

P. L. Kay Cultural Experience Tourist Motives Dimensionality

School of Hospitality, Tourism and Marketing, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia

This empirical research oftourists’ cultural experiences aims to advance theory by developing a measurement model of tourists’ motives towards attending cultural experiences for samples of Western and Asian tourists visiting Melbourne, Australia. Drawing upon Iso-Ahola’s (1989) seeking/avoiding dichotomy theory for tourist motivation dimensions, the hypothesized dimensions primarily included escape and seeking-relateddimensions, and some hedonic dimensions because of their relevance to aesthetic products (Hirschman & Holbrook, 1982; Holbrook & Hirschman, 1982), which are the context for this study. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used to crossvalidate the underlying dimensionality structure of cultural experience motives. A four-factor model was extracted from the EFAconsistent with some theoretical formulations and was retained in the CFA. Specific cultural language group differences for the motive dimensions were also hypothesized between Western and Asian tourist samples, and within the Chinese- and Japanese-speaking Asian tourist samples, but not within the different cultural groups of English-speaking Western tourists. These cross-cultural hypotheses weretested for the motive dimension measurement model using invariance testing in CFA. The findings for the motive dimensions differing by cultural group were not as expected. Significant cultural differences between Western and Asian tourists were not found, but a new finding of this study was significant differences between English-speaking tourists in their motives for attending cultural experiences....