Final Report 2.0
In-depth investigations of accidents involving powered two wheelers
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The collection and analysis of the MAIDS research project data would not havebeen possible without the active support and contribution of the following people: • • • • • The President and Members of the European Motorcycle Manufacturers Association for their support and leadership during all phases of this research project. The European Commission and the Director General of Transportation and Energy for their support of motorcycle safety research in Europe. The MAIDSProject Partners (see Annex A) Members of the MAIDS Management Group and MAIDS Expert Group (see Annex A) All the members of the five MAIDS research teams (see Annex A).These are the people who worked long hours to conduct scene investigations, vehicle inspections, witness interviews and gather medical information. It is these people who collected, analyzed and coded all the data that is presented inthis report. Without their efforts and their continuous dedication to the goal of reducing the frequency and severity of PTW accidents in Europe, this report would not have been possible. All the police, government and medical groups and agencies that provided support to the research teams, without which, the MAIDS could not have been collected. Mr. Federico Galliano, former Secretary General ofACEM for his commitment in time and energy to the coordination of the first multi-country motorcycle accident study in Europe to use the OECD Common Methodology. Dr. Alessandra Marinoni, Dr. Mario Comelli and their students at the University of Pavia for their assistance with the creation and analysis of the MAIDS database. Mr. Thomas Goetz for his leadership of the MAIDS Expert Group and hisassistance with the data analysis. Dr. Terry Smith for his assistance in team training, quality control and the editing of the final report. Dr. Nick Rogers for his guidance and insight in developing the Inter-team Workshops as a tool for harmonizing the implementation of the OECD Common Methodology. Mr. Paul Caille for his coordination efforts during the preliminary development of this research project.• • • • • • •
And a special thanks to all the PTW riders, passengers and OV drivers who volunteered information about themselves and about their accidents so that other PTW riders might benefit.
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Table of contents
Acknowledgements Table of contents 1.0 Executive Summary 2.0 Objectives and methodology Sampling areas Exposure data Accident data collection Accident reconstruction Quality control Explanation of legal categories and PTW styles Explanation of data presentation Statistical tests 3.0 General accident characteristics 4.0 Accident causation 4.0 Accident causation Humancontributing factors Environmental contributing factors Vehicle contributing factors Findings on accident causation 5.0 Vehicles Vehicle characteristics Collision dynamics Vehicle technical conditions at the time of accident Findings on Vehicles 6.0 Environmental factors Roadway types and condition Traffic controls Findings on environmental factors 7.0 Human factors Findings on human factors 8.0Powered two wheelers in a mixed traffic environment Visibility Lighting and conspicuity Findings on powered two wheelers in a mixed traffic environment 9.0 Rider protection PTW Rider injury PTW passenger injury Injury and impact speed
This document is the property of ACEM - It is not to be copied or distributed without the permission of ACEM Avenue de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 – 1040 Brussels tel. + 32...