Is a country in southeastern Europe, situated on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula. The country has land borders with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to thenorth, and Turkey to the east, totaling 1,160 km (721 mi) in length. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of mainland Greece, theIonian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has thetenth longest coastline in the world at 14,880 km (9,246 mi) in length, featuring a vast number of islands(approximately 1400, 227 of which are inhabited), including Crete, the Dodecanese,theCyclades, and the Ionian islands. Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains, of whichMount Olympus is the highest as 2,917 m (9,570 ft).
Modern Greece traces its roots to the civilization of ancientGreece, generally considered to be the cradle of Western civilization. As such, it is the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature and historiography, politicalscience, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy andcomedy.
A developed country with a very high Human Development Index, Greece has been a member ofwhat is now the European Union since 1981 and its Economic and Monetary Union since 2001, NATO since 1952, and the European Space Agency since 2005. It is also a founding member of the UnitedNations, the OECD, and the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization. Athens is the capital; other major cities include Thessaloniki,Patras, Heraklion and Larissa.
History: Greece was the first area inEurope where advanced early civilizations emerged, beginning with the Minoan civilizationin Crete and then the Mycenean civilization on the mainland.
Climate: The climate of Greece can becategorised into three types (the Mediterranean, the Alpine and the Temperate) that influence well-defined regions of its territory.
Religion: The constitution of Greece recognizes the Greek Orthodox faith...