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In 1800, he defeated the Austrians at Marengo. He then negotiated a general European peace which established French power over the continent. In 1802, he was madeconsul for life and two years later emperor. He create the centralization of the government, the bank of France, the reinstatement of Roman Catholicism and reformFrance with the Code Napoleon. In 1803, Britain defeated the naval fleet at Trafalgar so Napoleon abandoned plans to invade England and turned on the Alliance of Russiaand Austria. Were in Austerlitz defeated them in the same year. He gained a lot of new territory, including the annexation of Russians Lands which it gave him controlover Europe.
The holy Roman Empire was dissolved, Holland And Westphalia were created, And over the next years Napoleon´s relatives and loyalist were installed insome countries as leaders: in Holland, Westphalia, Italy, Naples, Spain and Sweden.
In 1810, he had his childless marriage to Josephine de Beauharnais annulled andmarried the daughter of the Austrian emperor in the hope of having an heir. A son, Napoleon, was born a year later.
The Peninsular War began in 1808. Costly Frenchdefeats over the next five years drained French military resources. Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1812 resulted in a disastrous retreat. The tide started to turn infavor of the allies and in March 1814, Paris fell. Napoleon went into exile on the Mediterranean island of Elba. In March 1815 he escaped and marched on the Frenchcapital. The Battle of Waterloo ended his brief second reign. The British imprisoned him on the remote Atlantic island of St Helena, where he died on 5 May 1821.
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