Terminos civiles ingles

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  • Publicado : 16 de febrero de 2011
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Key Tems
Civil Part
Chapter 3
1. Juridical person-The term 'juridical person' is used in the sense of an entity having the capacity of the potential to act legally and constituted either by a collection or succession of physical persons or a collection of properties. Examples of juridical persons are states, agencies, corporations, associations, committees, partnerships, ethnic andreligious groups.
2. Physical person- Example: every human being.
3. Moral person- the associations that are formed to held citizens. These are not physical person. Companies like Liverpool, Elektra, Sears, Sanborns.
4. Moral person of public law- Charity institutions and religious institutions.
5. Moral person of private law- Civil and Comercial Societies.
6. Capacity- specificability of an entity, or source, measured in quantity and level of quality, over an extended period. Politic capacity or civil capacity.
7. Name- consists of the name you are given when you are born. for example Juan Perez or George Jones
8. Artistic Name- is usually used for the artists changing their real name for example: 50 cent and Dr. Dre.
9. Pseudonym- is a fictitious name used by aperson, or sometimes, a group. For example: writers' pen names, graffiti artists.
10. Nick name: is a descriptive name given in place of or in addition to the official name of a person place or thing.
11. Recognition: The confirmation or Acknowledgment of the existence of an act performed, of an event that transpired, or of a person who is authorized by another to act in a particularmanner.
12. Witness security program: Program that will protect witnesses when they are declaring against criminals.
13. Informacion Ad perpetuam: This consists in justifying with witnesses certain facts or crimes. For example: when there is a witness in a car accident.
14. Adoption: is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting for another who is not kin and, in so doing, permanentlytransfers all rights and responsibilities from the original parent or parents. For example Angelina Julie’s children.
15. Juridical Resolution- it’s the result of a legal conflict, within a written document that its determined by a judge. For example: Death penalty or jail.
16. Domicile – place where the person held’s its residence. For example: home or an apartment.
17. Legaldomicile- is where the government imposes you live. for example address in the credencial de elector
18. Voluntary domicile-is where you actually live by your own will because you like it there for example: home where you live.
19. Conventional domicile- this is the address where someone’s puts in contracts as their address For example: address in your credit card bill.
20. Address: isformed by street name state country and zip code of a location reference. For example: 10914 estates del sol dr. riverview fl 33569.
21. Residence: is where someone decides to stay but only temporarily for example: legal residence or illegal residence.
22. Civil status: The situation of the moral person determined by the relations in their family. For Example: married or single
23. Birthcertificates (Acta de nacimiento): vital record that documents the birth of a child. no example
24. Recognize Certificates (Acta de Reconocimeinto de hijos) – is a public document issued by the state certifying that the parent declare his paternity or maternity on her son. no example.
25. Death Certificates (Acta de Defunción) - documents through which proves the fact of death, forwhich the procedure are invited to register civil the place where the death was registered. No examples.
26. Guardianship, tutelage (tutela)- is a free person on a power conferred by the civil law , to protect that because of her age can not defend himself. For example: a uncle or grandparents.
27. Emancipation (Emancipación)- Emancipation is a term used to describe various efforts to...
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