The Golden Gate Bridge (U.S.A.)
The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the opening of the San Francisco Bay into the Pacific Ocean. As part of both U.S. Route 101 and California State Route 1, it connects the city of San Francisco on the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula to Marin County. The Golden Gate Bridge was the longestsuspension bridge span in the world when it was completed in 1937, and has become one of the most internationally recognized symbols of San Francisco, California, and of the United States. Despite its span length being surpassed by eight other bridges since its completion, it still has the second longest suspension bridge main span in the United States, after the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge in New YorkCity.
The Parthenon (Greece)
The Parthenon was a temple to Athena built on top of the highest hill in Athens, the Acropolis (Acropolis means High City). In the Late Bronze Age, the Acropolis had been where the kings of Athens lived (like Theseus in the myth), and where everybody went to defend themselves when there was a war. But after the Dark Ages, the Athenians had no more kings to rulethem. Instead they had an oligarchy, and so there was no king to live on the Acropolis. Instead, the Acropolis became sacred to the goddess Athena, and the Athenians built her a temple there.
This famed temple is known as the Parthenon and it sets on a hill called the Acropolis. The Acropolis became the religious center of ancient Athens, and it was on this hill that the Greeks built the Parthenonalmost 2,500 years ago. They built the Parthenon to honor Athena Parthenos, the pagan goddess of Athens. Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom and also the Warrior Maiden. The city of Athens was named in her honor.
The Pyramid of the Sun (Mexico)
The Pyramid of the Sun is one of ancient Mexico's largest structures. It is nearly 200 feet high and 700 feet wide. The Pyramid was built on topof a cave which was discovered in 1970. The cave is over 100 yards long and ends in the shape of a four-leaf clover, with four chambers. In ancient Mexico caves represented passageways to the underworld, but were also thought of as the womb of the earth.
On the days of the fall and spring equinox , Teotihuacan is packed with folks who dress in white and climb to the top of the Pyramid of theSun. They stand at the top with arms outstretched to receive the special energy of the site on that day.
The Pyramid of the Sun was built in 2 A.D. along with the surrounding city and the Pyramid of the Moon.
*The city of Teotihuacan was the first true city in Mesoamerica, with around 100,000 people.
*The Pyramid of the Sun is the third largest in the world
*When originally built, the Mexicanpyramids were plastered and painted red. None of that color or plaster remains today, leaving the pyramids simply stone-colored.
*A great disaster ravaged the city, reducing the population to 70,000. Many moved and several years later the city was burned and destroyed and finally abandoned.
Red Square (Russia)
Moscow's famous Red Square earned its name not from the red walls of the Kremlin,nor from the traditional symbol of Communism, but from the Russian word for "red", which many centuries ago also meant "beautiful". The square's vast cobbled expanse is flanked by some of Moscow's most famous tourist attractions.
Along one side stands the eastern wall of the Kremlin, on the next - the brightly-colored spiraling onion domes of St. Basil's Cathedral, to the north - the elegantturn of the century arcades of the GUM department store (mall) and Kazan Cathedral and to the west - Russia's imposing National Historical Museum and the 1990s replica of the Resurrection Gate.
Today, Red Square is a popular attraction for both Russian and foreign visitors alike. It provides plenty of photographic opportunities, while the area between St. Basil's and the Moscow River is often used...
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