Emiliano Zapata Salazar (August 8, 1879 – April 10, 1919) was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, which broke out in 1910, and which was initially directed against thepresident Porfirio Díaz. He formed and commanded an important revolutionary force, the Liberation Army of the South, during the Mexican Revolution. Followers of Zapata were known as Zapatistas.
Zapata waselected leader of the Defense Committee of the village in 1909. Zapata established a rural bank loans (the first farm credit in Mexico), founded schools and distributed the land to the people. Zapatashowed that rural culture could escape his destiny and achieve a functional and human organization based on a local economy, and verified that the Mexicans could govern themselves democratically. TheZapatistas, a guerrilla organized by farmers in southern Zapata fought against federal troops and demanded "Tierra y Libertad" for farmers.
Unfortunately, his vision of the peasants leave the landenjoy working themselves never became a reality and its heroic story ended in tragedy. Zapata's insistence on meeting the demand for land and freedom for the peasants led to his assassination at thehands of Colonel Jesus Guajardo, made him believe he would join his cause, and invited him to meet at the ranch Chinameca. On April 10, 1919 Emiliano Zapata attended the meeting and was shot to death.Zapata legend lives on. Always made people believe they are entitled to the land they work and the right to govern themselves according to their own beliefs and values. Like other Mexicans, I amproud that my ancestors fought alongside Zapata to improve their country. However, it is a shame that the actions of some cruel and unjust men destroyed the dream of an entire country.
But I pause toreflect on all the positive progress that Zapata began, whenever I see a shirt or a sheet with his portrait and the tricolor flag with the image of an eagle devouring a snake. Zapata not only...