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BIOLOGY STUDY GUIDE
FINAL EXAM, 1sst G. Junior Highschool
Miss Paulina

NAME: Ricardo Ruiz Guerrero
BIOLOGY: THE STUDY OF LIFE
What is biology?
  |   |   |   |
  | 1. | Which of these terms describes an organism's ability to maintain a stable internal environment? |   |
| |

  | | a.   | interaction |   |
  | | b.   | reproduction |   |
  | | c.   | homeostasis |   |  | | d.   | isolation |   |
  |   |

  |   |   |   |
  | 2. | Many types of trees lose their leaves in winter in order to avoid freezing. What is this an example of? |   |
| |

  | | a.   | a species |   |
  | | b.   | a response |   |
  | | c.   | an environment |   |
  | | d.   | an organization |   |
  |   |

  |   |   |   |
  | 3. | Organisms are able to get__________ from food. |   |
| |

  | | a.   | energy |   |
  | | b.   | evolution |   |
  | | c.   | homeostasis |   |
  | | d.   | characteristics |   |
  |   |

  |   |   |   |
  | 4. | __________ is a group of organisms that can interbreed and successfully produce fertile offspring. |   |
| |

  | | a.   | A species |   |
  | | b.   | A biosphere |   |
  | |c.   | An ecosystem |   |
  | | d.   | A community |   |
  |   |

  |   |   |   |
  | 5. | Living things are considered organisms if they possess which of the following characteristics? |   |
| |

  | | a.   | ability to grow and develop |   |
  | | b.   | inability to produce offspring |   |
  | | c.   | incapability of adjusting to environmental changes |   |
  | | d.  | lack of orderly structure |   |

Classification of Life
  |   |   |   |
  | 1. | Which of these is a larger taxa than class? |   |
| |

  | | a.   | an order |   |
  | | b.   | a kingdom |   |
  | | c.   | a genus |   |
  | | d.   | a species |   |
  | |   |   |

  |   |   |   |
  | 2. | A taxon consisting of similar genera is called __________. |   |
| |  | | a.   | a division |   |
  | | b.   | an order |   |
  | | c.   | a family |   |
  | | d.   | a class |   |
  | |   |   |

  |   |   |   |
  | 3. | Which of these scientists is credited with developing the system of grouping organisms that is still used today? |   |
| |

  | | a.   | Darwin |   |
  | | b.   | Linnaeus |   |
  | | c.   | Crick |   |
  | |d.   | Aristotle |   |
  | |   |   |

  |   |   |   |
  | 4. | When using binomial nomenclature, which of these is the smallest taxon? |   |
| |

  | | a.   | order |   |
  | | b.   | genus |   |
  | | c.   | species |   |
  | | d.   | family |   |
  |   |   |   |

  |   |   |   |
  | 5. | When classifying plants, which of these is the name for a taxon of similarclasses? |   |
| |

  | | a.   | a kingdom |   |
  | | b.   | a class |   |
  | | c.   | A division |   |
  | | d.   | an order |   |
  | |   |   |
TAXA: | | | |

1. A species' __________ describes it evolutionary history. |   |
|

  | | a.   | genus |   |
  | | b.   | kingdom |   |
  | | c.   | cells |   |
  | | d.   | phylogeny |   |
  | |   |   |  |   |   |   |
  | 2. | The circle graph below shows the relationships between the six kingdoms and the number of species in each kingdom. According to this data, which of these statements is true?
|   |
| |

  | | a.   | Eubacteria have the smallest number of species of all the kingdoms. |   |
  | | b.   | Protists and fungi combined have a smaller number of species than plantspecies. |   |
  | | c.   | There are less than three times the number of animal species than all other species combined. |   |
  | | d.   | The number of plant species is less than the number of protist, fungi, eubacteria, and archaebacteria species combined. |   |
  |   |   |   |

  |   |   |   |
  | 3. | Which of these kingdoms consists of prokaryotic organisms? |   |
| |...
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