It was Cheops who decided to place the royal necropolis at Giza Plateau. There would order up a great pyramid n mortuary temple that should be the symbol of their power and their identification, the sun god, Re His son Khafre and grandson Menkaure follow his example.
Threatened by urban sprawl of Cairo, the three pyramids of Giza survive with more than four millennia ofhistory, holding its unmistakable profile on the desert horizon. Visitors present as the past, can not but admire the colossal presence of these masses of stone and wondering about their function and meaning.
The prime mover of all was the pharaoh Cheops at Giza, the son of the founder of Dynasty IV. In the section that runs from Memphis Nile to Cairo and other pyramids stood, all situated on theleft bank, that is, on the western, thus associating the sunset with the afterlife of the deceased. Khufu chose for his memorial a plateau next to two temples to which professed a special assessment in Letópolis and Heliopolis, dedicated respectively to a chthonic deity Re and there came an architectural program that goes beyond the pyramid itself . Thus, at a point near the Nile, perhapsconnected to it through a channel, erected a "temple low." Since he started a ramp cover used by priests to come quietly to the "high church" placed at the foot of the pyramid, where the funeral ceremonies were held regularly, consisting essentially of making offerings. King's body resting on the inside of the pyramid. The height of this pyramid-shaped and were justified by the belief that the pharaoh'ssoul ascend to heaven for her to become a star there.
The pyramid of Cheops is the highest ever built in Egypt. It measures 146 meters. Pharaoh was buried there after his death by the year 2566 BC That of his son Khafre, who died in 2532, is just three feet lower, although the lower range of the base make it seem higher. In contrast, Menkaure (d. 2468) measured only 60 meters, the lack of space orfacilities may explain this difference. Arranged on the ground according to a calculated balance, it is not surprising that gave rise to all sorts of assumptions about the esoteric meaning of its proportions, which archaeologists have denied.
The Pyramids of Giza
In the necropolis of Gizeh or Giza, near the ancient Memphis, there are several Pharaonic tombs, but only three are known: those ofthe Pharaohs, the Greeks called their names Hellenized Cheops, Chephren and Mycerinus (the real Egyptian names are respectively Khufu, Khafra, and Men-Kau-Ra).
The pyramids are found only in the geographical area of Lower Egypt, near the ancient capital. When the court moved to Thebes still some pyramids were built, but soon adopted the system of digging graves in the rock. Therefore, thepyramids are only royal tomb model typical of the Old Empire, and always have the same inclination or slope, if some of them appear different is because they were not completely finished.
Herodotus says he saw pyramids topped with a statue of Pharaoh sitting, and thus initially supposed to end the pyramid of Cheops, which had already been devastated by the action of time when he visited Egypt. But itis believed that Herodotus mistook these ideas, the
pyramids have no signs of having had figures of any kind, and its forms would be inadequate for this. Some, like the Pharaoh Mycerinus, present all through a beautiful coating of large blocks of hard stone. More likely is that the courses of this coating formed bands of different colors, as is Pliny, the latest golden stone terminal, as was thepyramidon that tops the obelisk in the monuments of later times. The corridors leading to the burial chamber are in the pyramids, a perfectly finished and sometimes domed. But both the burial chambers and passageways leading to them, and the mortuary temples at the foot of the pyramids, are smooth walls without moldings, ornaments, and paintings, as befits the tomb of the adopted son or...