Autismo

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  • Publicado : 28 de noviembre de 2010
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Autism

Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. Autism has a strong genetic basis,although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by rare mutations, or by rare combinations of common genetic variants. Autism is a highly variableneurodevelopmental disorder that first appears during infancy or childhood, and generally follows a steady course without remission.Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism arecomplex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by rare mutations with major effects, or by rare multigene interactions of common genetic variants.

Symptoms

Autistic individuals mayhave symptoms that are independent of the diagnosis, but that can affect the individual or the family. An estimated 0.5% to 10% of individuals with ASD show unusual abilities, ranging from splinterskills such as the memorization of trivia to the extraordinarily rare talents, show superior skills in perception and attention.

* Poor muscle tone
* Poor motor planning
* Toe walking
*Unusual eating behavior
* Eating rituals and food refusal

Management

The main goals when treating children with autism are to lessen associated deficits and family distress, and to increasequality of life and functional independence. No single treatment is best and treatment is typically tailored to the child's needs. Families and the educational system are the main resources fortreatment. Although many alternative therapies and interventions are available, few are supported by scientific studies.

I will orient patient’s parents in relation to the cordination an how they candeal with those kids.

* Follow up tratment – (neurological, psychological)

* Special Education

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