Delegates welcome to the Human Rights comity.
Human Rights are "rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled" Proponents of the concept usually assert that everyone is endowed with certain entitlements merely by reason of being human. Human rights are thus conceived in a universal list and egalitarian fashion.Such entitlements can exist as shared norms of actual human moralities, as justified moral norms or natural rights supported by strong reasons, or as legal rights either at a national level or within international law. However, there is no consensus as to the precise nature of what in particular should or should not be regarded as a human right in any of the preceding senses, and the abstractconcept of human rights has been a subject of intense philosophical debate and criticism.
This comity is in charge of protecting the human rights all around the world. And you, as a member of this comity must help us reaching this goal.
Child labor refers to the employment of children at regular and sustained labor. This practice is considered exploitative by many internationalorganizations and is illegal in many countries. Child labor was utilized to varying extents through most of history, but entered public dispute with the advent of universal schooling, with changes in working conditions during the industrial revolution, and with the emergence of the concepts of workers' and children's rights.
In many developed countries, it is considered inappropriate or exploitative if achild below a certain age works (excluding household chores or school-related work). An employer is usually not permitted to hire a child below a certain minimum age. This minimum age depends on the country and the type of work involved. States ratifying the Minimum Age Convention adopted by the International Labor Organization in 1973, have adopted minimum ages varying from 14 to 16
During theIndustrial Revolution, children as young as four were employed in production factories with dangerous, and often fatal, working conditions. Based on this understanding of the use of children as laborers, it is now considered by wealthy countries to be a human rights violation, and is outlawed, while some poorer countries may allow or tolerate child labor. Child labor can also be defined as thefull-time employment of children who are under a minimum legal age.
The first general laws against child labor, the Factory Acts, were passed in Britain in the first half of the 19th century. Children younger than nine were not allowed to work and the work day of youth under the age of 18 was limited to twelve hours.
The incidence of child labor in the world decreased from 25 to 10 percent between1960 and 2003, according to the World Bank.
1. - Is child labor a problem in your country or not?
2. In your country, where do children work at? What jobs do they do?
3. What actions is your country taking towards child labor?
4. What laws protect children respect child labor?
5. What could your country do to help other countries with this problem? Or howcould your country receive help from other countries?
Efforts towards preventing human trafficking
Human trafficking is the illegal trade in human beings for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation or forced labor: a modern-day form of slavery. It is the fastest growing criminal industry in the world, and tied with the illegal arms industry as the second largest, after the drug-trade.Adopted by the United Nations in Palermo, Italy in 2000, the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially women and children is an international set of diplomatic guidelines established by the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. The Trafficking Protocol is one of three Protocols adopted to supplement the Convention.
The Protocol is the...