of the present simple and past simple tenses and also for emphasis or to convey a coherent style. There is also a lexical verb do (= perform) which has the full range of forms including the presentparticiple doing and the pastparticiple done. Do as an auxiliary verb is required in the following...
verb. It serves as an adjective with an active meaning. It modifies a noun that performs an action.
The problem confuses the students. It is a confusing problem. The noun problem does something; it confuses. Thus, it is described as a confusing problem.
The pastparticiple is formed by adding...
We can use can (for present) and (could) for past to talk about abilities. The form of the modal verbs are very simple. All the verbs go with the same modal verb plus the infinitive without “to”.
Maria can play the piano very well. (Maria has the ability...
Participles and Participial phrases
A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in -ing or -ed. Since they function as adjectives, participles modify nouns or pronouns. There are two types of participles: presentparticiples and pastparticiples. Presentparticiples...
becomes the subject of the passive sentence
* the finite form of the verb is changed (to be + pastparticiple)
* the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)
Examples of Passive
Tense | Subject | Verb | Object |
Simple Present | Active...
PAST SIMPLE/ Irregular Verbs (p.78,79).
Infinitive Simple pastPastParticiple TIME WORDS (p.80)
be was / were been
come came come As soon as It started to rain as soon as I stepped out of the door.
do did done Then She picked up her baggage, then got onto the...
, result in present
V E R B S PAT T E R N S
62 64 66 68
31 Verbs followed by -ing or to + inﬁnitive 1 introduction, verb + -ing, verb + to + inﬁnitive 32 Verbs followed by -ing or to + inﬁnitive 2 change in meaning, no change in meaning, phrases with to + -ing 33 Verbs and objects transitive...
conjugated in the passé composé, for example, the auxillary
verb is conjugated in the present indicative.
• J'ai fini. - I have finished.
-er verbs - replace -er with é
-ir verbs - replace -ir with i
-re verbs - replace -re with u
forms, -ing, past tense and pastparticiples, irregular verbs
* Infinitive forms: When they are not part of the sentence of a verb, and they have no subject
I saw him cross the road or I don’t want to leave
* -ing forms: being, cutting, doing, leaving are –ing forms of verbs...
form, the consonant is preceded by only one vowel, then double it for the past tense/participles and related noun, if applicable.
|Verb |Past tense and pastparticiple |Presentparticiple |Noun |
(resolved) escribir escrito (written) ver visto (seen) volver vuelto (returned)
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
The present perfect tense is formed by using the present tense of the auxiliary verb haber (conjugated below in the present indicative) + pastparticiple (regular or irregular form). he has...
his walk is. We could take the verb and ask it. How did he walk? And we answer fast and loudly. So these adverbs are of manner.)
Adverbs before: adjectives, pastparticiples, other adverbs and prepositional expressions.
.- Arica is very small. (The adverb very modifies the...
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
How do we make the Present Perfect Tense?
The structure of the present perfect tense is:
subject | + | auxiliary verb | + | main verb |
| | have | | pastparticiple |
Here are some examples of the present perfect tense:
| subject | auxiliary verb | | main...
picking people up from the station.
2.- Trevor could be in the restaurant.
3.- Susan could travel to New York.
4.- Jonathan could be a policeman.
MODAL MIGHT AND MAY PLUS INFINITIVE AND PASTPARTICIPLE VERBS
* To make deductions about states we use: modal verb...
SENTENCE (B) WE HAVE A SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE ( “is” + 3RD COLUMN /PAST PATICIPLE OF MAIN VERB “refined” (DO NOT FORGET THE “-ed”!!!)
IF WE HAD A PAST CONTINUOUS IN (A) IN THE ACTIVE “was buying” THE RESULT WOULD BE: “TO BE” IN THE PAST( “was” CONTINUOS ( “being” + THE THIRD COLUMN/PASTPARTICIPLE OF...
TORE TOLD THOUGHT THREW UNDERSTOOD WOKE WORE WEPT WON WOUND WROTE
PASTPARTICIPLE SWUM SWUNG TAKEN TAUGHT TORN TOLD THOUGHT THROWN UNDERSTOOD WOKEN WORN WEPT WON WOUND WRITTEN
MEANING nadar balancearse tomar, llevar enseñar rasgar decir, contar pensar, creer tirar, arrojar comprender despertar...